Surrounded by an alluring mountainous countryside which is almost surreal, situated on the edge of a 120 metre-deep abyss, is where Ronda is to be found. Previously inhabited by the Romans, Ronda became one of the most important cities in Southern Spain under the Muslim occupation, being the capital of a Taifa Kingdom. After being conquered by the Catholic King and Queen in 1485, Ronda was transformed by a number of convents, churches and palaces. In the XVIII century important monuments such as the New Bridge (Puente Nuevo) and the bullring were built. The XIX century saw the highlight of highway men and the innovation of bullfighting, which brought many romantic travellers to Ronda  The natural surroundings of Ronda are simply spectacular. Only 29 km away the Natural Park of Grazalema Range is encountered, declared by the UNESCO a  Biosphere Protected Area. This beautiful landscape shelters one of the most unique arboreal species of the Iberian Peninsula, the Spanish Fir Tree which hails back from the Tertiary era. Another protected area of great botanical interest and its scenary is the Natural Park of  Las Nieves Range. These two parks together with  the Natural Park of Los Alcornocales Range form an entire natural territory of 240 519 hectares.